What is Cyber Security? Overview, Types, Career, Jobs & Salary

What is Cyber Security Overview, Types, Career, Jobs & Salary, blog

What is Cyber Security?

Cyber Security is the practice of protecting networks, systems, and programs from digital attacks. These attacks usually aim to access, change, or destroy sensitive information, extort money from users, or interrupt normal business processes. Cyber security is a branch of information security that focuses on protecting computers, networks, programs and data from unauthorised access or attack.

A career in cyber security involves protecting organisations and individuals from cyber-attacks. It involves identifying and preventing malicious activity such as data breaches, viruses, and hacking attempts. Cybersecurity professionals use a variety of tools and techniques to identify potential threats and vulnerabilities and protect networks, systems, and data from unauthorized access.

In order to become a cyber security professional, individuals should have a deep understanding of cyber security principles, computer systems and networks, and information technology. Many cybersecurity professionals hold a degree in computer science, information technology, or a related field. Additionally, having certifications in specific cybersecurity areas such as Information Assurance, Network Security, and Security Administration can be beneficial.

Being a cyber security professional requires excellent problem-solving and analytical skills as well as the ability to think logically and identify patterns. Additionally, good communication skills are essential in order to explain security risks and solutions effectively. Cyber security professionals must stay up-to-date on the latest developments in cyber security and be able to adapt quickly to new threats and technologies.

In terms of job outlook, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics expects employment for information security analysts to grow by 32% between 2019 and 2029, which is much faster than the average for all occupations. This is due to increased cyber security threats and the need for organizations to protect their data and networks from these threats. With the increasing need for information security analysts, job prospects for professionals with the necessary skills and experience should remain strong.


Network Security:

Network security is the process of protecting networks from unauthorized access, misuse, and malicious attacks. This includes both physical security, such as firewalls, and logical security, such as authentication and encryption.

Application Security:

Application security focuses on protecting applications from malicious attacks and vulnerabilities. This includes measures such as secure coding practices, secure development lifecycles, and application firewalls.

Endpoint Security:

Endpoint security is the process of protecting computers and other devices from malicious attacks. This includes measures such as anti-virus software, intrusion prevention systems, and application whitelisting.

Cloud Security:

Cloud security is the process of protecting data and applications in the cloud from unauthorised access, misuse, and malicious attacks. This includes measures such as encryption, identity and access management, and virtual private networks.

Database Security:

Database security is the process of protecting databases from unauthorized access, misuse, and malicious attacks. This includes measures such as encryption, authentication, and access control.

Mobile Security:

Mobile security is the process of protecting mobile devices from malicious attacks and vulnerabilities. This includes measures such as mobile device management, mobile application security, and mobile malware protection. It also includes data encryption, user authentication, and access control. Mobile security can help protect business data, personal information, and user devices from unauthorised access. Mobile security is important for businesses of all sizes, as mobile devices can be used to access sensitive information, such as customer records and financial data. By using mobile security measures, organisations can protect their data and help ensure their users are compliant with regulatory requirements.

Cyber Security Jobs:

  1. Cyber Security Analyst
  2. Cyber Security Engineer
  3. Network Security Engineer
  4. Information Security Analyst
  5. Penetration Tester
  6. Cyber Security Consultant
  7. Security Architect
  8. Security Administrator
  9. Security Software Developer
  10. Cyber Threat Intelligence Analyst



1. Network Security:

Knowledge of firewalls, routers, and networks to protect data from malicious attacks.

2. Compliance and Regulations:

Understanding of federal and state laws and regulations related to cyber security.

3. Cyber Threat Intelligence:

Ability to identify and analyze threats, assess risk, and develop strategies to mitigate threats.

4. Data Security:

Knowledge of encryption, data storage and privacy laws, and secure coding practices.

5. Risk Management:

Understanding of how to identify, assess, and manage risk in an organization.

6. Incident Response:

Ability to detect, investigate, and respond to cyber security incidents.

7. Security Architecture:

Understanding of how to design and implement secure systems.

8. System Administration:

Knowledge of how to install, configure, and maintain systems.

9. Malware Analysis:

Ability to identify, analyze, and remove malicious software.

10. Penetration Testing:

Skills required to identify and exploit security vulnerabilities.

Cyber Security Salary

Job Title Average
Security Analyst ₹503,764
Cyber Security Analyst ₹600,865
Information Security Analyst ₹611,703
Security Engineer ₹776,240
Cyber Security Engineer ₹685,043
Security Consultant, (Computing / Networking / Information Technology) ₹842,930
Ethical Hacker    ₹511,295


Enroll yourself today for cyber security certification course with Jaro Education in accordance with E&ICT, IIT Guwahati – Advanced Professional Certification Programme In Cybersecurity And Ethical Hacking. This programme is India’s leading cyber security programme for professionals who want to advance their skills and become competent cyber security specialists by learning how to construct security architecture with India’s top IIT and avoid organisations’ cybersecurity mesh.

In conclusion, cyber security is an extremely important field of work that is becoming more important by the day. It encompasses a wide variety of topics, such as network security, application security, and data security. Many types of cyber security jobs are available, ranging from entry-level positions to more senior roles. Salary for cyber security professionals can be quite lucrative, depending on the specific role and level of experience. With the rising threats of cyber attacks, the demand for cyber security professionals is only going to increase. For those interested in a career in cyber security, there are a variety of opportunities available.

jaro education
jaro education

Editor's Picks

Talk to our Program Expert


Fill the form to get more information.

(Privacy and Security Guaranteed)