Corporate Social Responsibility and its Types


The term corporate social responsibility is a tactic that almost every company is incorporating into their business. But what is corporate social responsibility? Corporate social responsibility (CSR) allows organizations to take positive and active roles in their field. CSR is often associated with the term corporate citizenship. It promotes the idea that a company can make a change in the world by enhancing its social order through good work. As corporate social responsibility includes business practices and company culture, it is a matter of the organization’s board of directors. CSR is a wide topic that encompasses human components like ethical labor practices both within the company and as a bigger part of its supply chain. 

Business ethics and corporate social responsibility are parts of any well-known organization, regardless of the industry. It not only makes a company profitable but allows them to make a good impact on society and the environment. To make an entry into the corporate world, professionals can take an Online PGDM Programme from the Loyola Institute Of Business Administration (LIBA). This AICTE-approved programme will give candidates networking opportunities, top-notch faculty, business skills and a holistic curriculum.

Types of Corporate Social Responsibility

Four types of CSR are prevalent: ethical responsibility, environmental responsibility, economic responsibility and philanthropic responsibility.

  • Ethical Responsibility

The commitment of a firm to conduct business in an ethical manner that promotes human rights values such as fair trade practices, fair treatment of all stakeholders and equitable pay is referred to as ethical responsibility. Many corporations will speak out in the name of human rights violations such as racial or gender discrimination, child labour and the campaign for a higher minimum wage to support ethical responsibility. 

  • Environmental Responsibility

It is critical for organizations devoted to CSR to engage in environmentally friendly practices. Corporations may contribute significantly to natural resource depletion, waste, greenhouse gas emissions and pollution, but by committing to environmental responsibility, a company takes ownership of its environmental effect. Environmental responsibility may take various shapes depending on the size and sector of a company. For some businesses, this entails utilizing alternative energy sources and environmentally friendly products. Others may consider implementing a company-wide recycling programme or giving to and volunteering for local environmental organizations.

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  • Economic Responsibility

Economic responsibility is the practice of making financial decisions that are motivated by a desire to do good. Some popular instances of economic responsibility include investing in alternative energy sources, increasing funding for education programmes, and supporting local charities. To maintain economic responsibility, company leaders must go beyond operational cost savings and place corporate citizenship at the center of all financial choices. 

  • Philanthropic Responsibility

When a business actively aims to make the world a better place, it is called philanthropic responsibility. Along with being environmentally and ethically friendly, companies driven by a philanthropic approach usually dedicate a portion of their earnings. Though many businesses give to charities and organizations that correspond with their goals, others donate to deserving causes that have nothing to do with their business. Others go so far as to establish their own charity trust or organization in order to give back and positively affect society.

Types of CSR - Essential for Companies

In addition to the above-mentioned four major corporate social responsibilities, companies are driven by other responsibilities like:

  • Well-Being

Organizations can make well-being a top priority to show that they care about the physical and mental health of the people involved. Company leaders can invite teams to participate in well-being challenges, such as healthy eating, goals related to step count and meditation. 

Types of CSR
  • Inclusion & Diversity

By developing an inclusive recruiting practice and encouraging workers to appreciate other identities, cultures and ethnicities, an organization may encourage diversity from the inside out. 

  • Supply Chain Responsibility

A company should take action and monitor that just like their in-house employees, the vendors and suppliers are also making social responsibility a priority. The benefits of a socially responsible supply chain extend well beyond the manufacturing process and overall operations. 

What is Driving Companies to Adopt Corporate Social Responsibilities?

Many concerns and trends have contributed in promoting the adoption of CSR practices throughout the past century, including the following:

  • Investors

Numerous investors have come up in the business world who would like to invest in organizations that offer well-defined CSR strategies. It is trending in the modern business scenario. 

  • Employee Satisfaction

Any organization’s objective is to attract and retain employees. Prospective candidates are inquisitive about  the firms for which they work are socially responsible.

  • Brand Reputation

The brand reputation of an organization and how it is seen in the market is directly linked to whether the company has included CSR strategies or not. 

  • Regulatory Compliance

Regulations are coming into play across businesses due to various ethical issues, boosting the necessity for CSR practices.

  • Consumer Demand

Consumers began to hold firms accountable in the twentieth century by asking them how they were being socially and ecologically responsible.

In other circumstances, organizations implement a CSR strategy simply because it is the right thing to do. In other circumstances, businesses have realized that the adoption or lack of a CSR strategy may have influenced the organization’s capacity to execute commercial operations and be successful. 

Benefits of Corporate Social Responsibility

Being a responsible and good corporate citizen is a noble idea. Corporate social responsibility brings various benefits to organizations. 

  • Increased Capital Growth

A company can positively impact its bottom line if professionals boost the brand, inspire customer loyalty, enhance the reputation and gain public trust. Positioning the company as a collaborative team allows business leaders to access a larger client base and charge a social conscience premium for products and services. 

  • Accelerated Brand Recognition

Using a socially aware CSR endeavor to tap into the mainstream might bring a business to the attention of individuals who would not have heard of it otherwise. People are yearning for happy stories. If a leader identifies the brand with constructive social and political change, the company might receive media publicity that advertising cannot purchase. 

  • Enhancing Company Reputation

Recognition is worth nothing if a company’s reputation is tarnished. Making sacrifices for justice, giving a helping hand and engaging in sustainable business practices – all picture an organization as deserving of its expanding customer awareness.

  • Strengthening Public Trust

Once a company’s reputation has been established, it cannot rest on its achievements. Many people distrust corporations and think that they are only present to make money. The company might preserve the trust of people by promoting a socially responsible brand by continuing to finance community programs and giving public confirmation of its egalitarian organizational ideals. 

  • Greater Sustainability

Transitioning to sustainable solutions may incur significant upfront expenditures, but sustainable systems are often less expensive to operate in the long term. Since fuel and other inputs become more costly, organizations that migrate away from costly technology early will benefit the most financially. 

  • Volunteer Programs for Employees

Volunteering time to charity organizations is an excellent method to include CSR in your company’s practices. The logistics underlying these initiatives, on the other hand, might be overwhelming and too complicated to handle in-house. Finding the proper charity organization, selecting the ideal event, and managing your money may be difficult if you do it all on your own. 

CSR Initiatives: Mistakes To be Avoided

While making CSR initiatives, people often make some common mistakes. These are:

  • A major blunder that can be prevented is a lack of consistent reporting. Organizations must hold CSR policies responsible in order to be effective. One method to accomplish this is by consistent, transparent and clear CSR reporting.
  • It’s best to avoid greenwashing when it comes to environmental CSR activities. Greenwashing occurs when organizations make attempts to look sustainable but aren’t.
  • Unlike financial reporting, where quarterly gains are celebrated, CSR is concerned with long-term planning that may bring about societal change over a period of time.
  • To make CSR effective, all stakeholders must have a say and buy into the endeavor.
  • CSR activities must be accompanied by concrete actions. Organizations that make promises but fail to deliver are not well-regarded.

For the long-term success of a modern business, corporate social responsibility is essential. Companies that embrace corporate social responsibility programmes not only contribute to developing a brighter future but also improve their reputation among their customers and workers. The advantages of corporate social responsibility are numerous. Proper corporate social responsibilities developed by business leaders can help boost a company’s reputation, increase public trust, accelerate its capital growth and aim for greater sustainability. However, professionals often make mistakes when creating CSR efforts. It is important to know the mistakes and avoid making them in the initial strategising process. 

For making a company stand out, it is vital to incorporate good corporate social responsibility strategies. By using their business skills, professional leaders can create well-thought-out strategies for the company that would help the world become a better place. If you want to become a corporate Leader, an Online PGDM Course offered at LIBA can be your best resort. This 2-year course offers a cutting-edge curriculum, peer learning, group discussions as well as provides you with an opportunity to work on capstone projects. Moreover, at the end of the course, you will receive a certificate that will help you move ahead in your career.

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