What is Ethical Hacking? Ethical hacking is the practice of testing a computer system, network, or web application to find security vulnerabilities that an attacker could potentially exploit. Ethical hackers use the same techniques as malicious hackers but do so with the permission of the owner of the system and report any vulnerabilities found rather than taking advantage of them. The goal of ethical hacking is to evaluate the security of the system and help the organisation take steps to improve it. Benefits of Ethical Hacking: Improved security: Ethical hacking can help organisations identify and patch vulnerabilities before malicious hackers can exploit them. This can help organisations protect their data and systems from malicious attacks. Increased trust: Ethical hacking can help organisations build trust with their customers by showing that they take security seriously. Reduced costs: By identifying and patching vulnerabilities early, organisations can save money on repairs and lost data if a malicious attack occurs. Improved compliance: Following ethical hacking best practices can help organisations maintain compliance with regulations and industry standards. Increased efficiency: Ethical hacking can help organisations identify and eliminate inefficient processes and procedures that expose them to security risks. You will find many best cyber security courses in India; Jaro Education provides one in accordance with E&ICT, IIT Guwahati - Advanced Professional Certification Programme in Cybersecurity and Ethical Hacking. These cyber security certifications online course is a comprehensive course that prepares students to become ethical hackers and cybersecurity professionals. This course provides students with comprehensive training on the latest tools and techniques used to protect systems and networks from cyber threats. The course also covers topics such as digital forensics, web security, and malware analysis. This certification program is designed to help students develop the skills and knowledge needed to identify and mitigate security risks in a variety of environments. Additionally, the program also provides students with the opportunity to network with industry experts and gain invaluable experience in the field of cybersecurity. Job Profile of Ethical Hacking An Ethical Hacker is a computer and network security professional who specialises in penetrating a system or network on behalf of its owners in order to identify potential security threats. Ethical Hackers use the same methods and tools as malicious hackers, but with the system owner's permission to determine the system's security level and use the results to secure the system or network. The primary responsibilities in Ethical Hacker jobs include the following: \t Penetrating systems and networks to identify security flaws and vulnerabilities. \t Developing and implementing security measures to protect data and systems. \t Testing and evaluating security measures to ensure they are effective. \t Documenting findings and developing recommendations for improved security measures. \t Educating users and administrators on security best practices. \t Monitoring networks for suspicious activity and responding to security incidents. \t Keeping up to date on the latest security threats and developments. Skill requirement for Ethical Hacking Job: 1. Computer Networking: Ethical hackers must have a strong understanding of computer networks, which forms the foundation of their job. They need to be familiar with the different types of networks, network topologies, network components, routing protocols, and how they interact with each other. 2. Programming Languages: Knowledge of various programming languages such as Java, C++, Python, and Perl is essential for ethical hackers. This will help them understand the code of the programs they are trying to hack and modify it accordingly. 3. Cryptography: Cryptography plays an important role in ethical hacking. The ethical hacker needs to be familiar with the different types of encryption and decryption techniques, as well as the different types of cryptographic algorithms used to secure data. 4. Database: Ethical hackers must have knowledge of databases, including relational databases such as MySQL and Oracle, as well as NoSQL databases such as MongoDB. They need to be familiar with the different types of data storage and access techniques used in databases. 5. Operating Systems: Ethical hackers must be familiar with different operating systems, such as Windows, Linux, and macOS. They should be able to identify security flaws and exploit vulnerabilities. They should also be familiar with patch management processes, and network security. Conclusion: Ethical hacking is becoming an increasingly popular career option for those looking to use their technical skills to help protect organisations from malicious cyber activities. Ethical hackers can become experts in identifying, preventing, and responding to cyber threats with the proper training. Ethical hackers will become more in demand as more organisations rely on digital technologies. With suitable ethical hacking courses, jobs, and skills, anyone can become an ethical hacker and help keep companies, governments, and individuals safe from malicious cyber-attacks.